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Holidays in Greece and the Greek islands

    Zeus and Athena discussing Odyssey's problems

The Greek Renaissance


The Homeric Epics describing the Mycenaean Civilization


The Greek islands

Brief history of Greece
The Prehistoric Period
The first Greeks
Hellas & the Hellenes
The Classical Period
Democracy in Greece
The Persian wars
Golden Age of Pericles
Map of Ancient Greece
The Macedonians
Alexander The Great
The Hellenistic period
Macedonia
Map of Hellenistic World
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The first Greeks and Homer

Let us now turn to the first Greeks who at about 2000 B. C. migrated from the North to Greece. When they settled at about 1700 B. C. in the Peloponnesus, they learned all about the Minoan civilization which they appropriated, improved, and developed. Thus the Mycenaean Civilization came into being.
 
This Mycenaean Civilization is primarily known to us through the Homeric Epics. Homer lived in the 8th century B. C., and, as everybody knows, was the first and greatest Greek poet. The Homeric poems led the
The poet Homerarchaeologists, the first of whom was the German Schliemann, to excavate Mycenae in the Peloponnesus and Troy in Asia Minor. These excavations brought to light the splendour and opulence of the Mycenaean Civilization, and corroborated the detailed descriptions in the Homeric poems and asserted the historical existence of Homer which up to a time, was doubted. The royal palaces, graves, beehivetombs, walls etc. found at Mycenae, as well as the treasures discovered there and later transported to the Athens Museum, are works of unique and invaluable archaeological importance.
 
According to the ancient legends the founder of the first dynasty to reign at Mycenae was Perseus, grandson of Acrisius of Argos, in whose reign the land was divided.
 
Thus the first Mycenaean dynasty of the Perseidae was founded, to which the first acropolis of Mycenae and the aforementioned graves and treasures belonged.

I stood upon the soil of Greece at  last!  (Oscar Wilde)
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There is a fullness of all things,
even of sleep and love.

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Homer, Greek epic poet (800 BC - 700 BC)  
The Iliad


 

The dynasty of the Perseidae was followed by the dynasty of the Pelopidae, or otherwise Atreidae, from the son of Pelops Atreus, the father of Agamemnon. The Pelopidan dynasty extended its sway over nearly the whole of the Peloponnesus and the nearby islands. It acquired such fame and prestige, that all the important Greek kings of the time, placed themselves under the leadership of King Agamemnon in the great overseas expedition against Troy, to which a few lines will be devoted later on.
 
The dramatic events connected with the royal house of the Atreidae form the subject of many of the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.
 
After the Dorian invasion the city of Mycenae declined and in 468 B.C. it was destroyed by the inhabitants of the neighboring city, Argos.

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General info on the islands

Windsurfing in Paros
Driving & cycling in Naxos
One day cruise to Poros
Relaxing holidays - Paxos
Zakynthos and its turtles

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