Holidays in Greece and the Greek islands

Clay fruitstand from
the Palace at Phaistos
(18th-17th century B.C.)


From mythological to classical times

The Greek islands

Brief history of Greece
The Prehistoric Period
The first Greeks
Hellas & the Hellenes
The Classical Period
Democracy in Greece
The Persian wars
Golden Age of Pericles
Map of Ancient Greece
The Macedonians
Alexander The Great
The Hellenistic period
Map of Hellenistic World

The Prehistoric Period

The term Pelasgi is used to describe the first inhabitants of Greece (Hellas in Greek) during the mythological and prehistoric period.
These early inhabitants of Greece, the islands and Crete, were not Greeks but a Mediterranean people akin to the population of the Western coasts of Asia Minor.
The migration of various Northern tribes began in the Neolithic Age, i.e. up to 3000 B.C., and their object was to settle in a more southerly land with a milder
Map of ancient Greececlimate.
The first Greeks came from the North at about 2000 B. C. and settled in Greece where they fused with the earlier inhabitants who had developed a certain civilization. The Achaeans and Ionians are the first Hellenic races mentioned.
During the same period a legendary king, referred to as Minos, ruled over a powerful state in Crete.
The Cretan civilization developed early, already by the middle of the Third Millenium B. C., and reached its peak at about 1800-1500 B.C.
This civilization, known as the Minoan Civilization, from King Minos, is distinguished for its early flourishing and astounding progress in the arts, and its marvelous monuments, in painting, sculpture, ceramics and architecture of which the magnificent Palace at Cnossos in Crete is the masterpiece of Cretan culture. The island of Crete was the greatest and earliest maritime power in the whole of the Mediterranean and the Middle East during the mythological and early years. The Cnossos Palace, that was discovered in 1900 and subsequently excavated and reconstructed by the British Archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, as well as the important findings at the Herakleion Museum, near Cnossos, prove the splendour of the Minoan Civilization.

I stood upon the soil of Greece at  last!  (Oscar Wilde)
line Wait for that wisest of all counselors, Time.
Pericles (495 - 429 BC), from Plutarch, Lives

King Minos ruled the island of Crete most successfully. He was the first of the ancient rulers to ensure a mastery of the seas. Minos' conquests on the North reached as far as Athens. Mention is made of expeditions by this king as far as Egypt, Syria, Italy and Sicely.


General info on the islands

Windsurfing in Paros
Driving & cycling in Naxos
One day cruise to Poros
Relaxing holidays - Paxos
Zakynthos and its turtles



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